It's our life & heritage.

Pollution threatens our rivers and lakes, and development eats away at forests and other natural habitats. CEOS collaborators inform policies and management actions to improve water quality and to protect the lands that nurture wildlife, provide recreational opportunities, and save landscapes that are a valued aesthetic heritage for future generations.

Land and Water Mini-talks

Using Nature to Stop the Next Pandemic - Presented by Amy Ando

How Much of U.S. Farmland is Organic? Presented by Joe Janzen

If Less Tillage Costs Less, Then Why Don’t More Farmers Use Conservation Tillage? Presented by Ben Gramig

Illinois farmland
Collaboration: The New Role of Agriculture in Policy for Carbon and Nutrient Trading Markets

CEOS faculty and students: Amy Ando, Jonathan Coppess, Shadi Atallah, Madhu KhannaBenjamin Gramig

Funding: Illinois Farm Bureau

Agriculture has the potential to reduce nutrient loadings in surface waters of the U.S. and net carbon emissions that contribute to the clear and existential threat posed by climate change. But what is the best role that agriculture can play in carbon trading markets to provide value for both agricultural producers and society, and to ensure the credit system has enough real impact on net carbon emissions that it remains viable in years to come? How can credits for nutrient and carbon reductions be stacked and aligned to best capture synergies in those systems for agricultural producers and the people that stand to benefit from environmental improvements? What roles can be played by public policy and private markets to facilitate or support these fledgling markets? CEOS is synthesizing and extending previous research about carbon and nutrient trading using a case study in the Midwest to demonstrate clearly to policy makers how systems of carbon and nutrient trading can be designed. 

red-winged blackbird
Collaboration: Informing Regenerative Agriculture Policy

CEOS faculty and students: Amy AndoShadi AtallahBen Gramig

Funding: Moore & Warner, LLC

This project conducts a critical review of regenerative agriculture standards and permit programs. We scope the strengths of extant programs and explore whether potential exists for developing a new standard protocol based on strengths and weaknesses of existing standards in the regenerative agriculture space. 

Research Output

Title Publication Authors Year Published Category Method Status
Village fairness norms and land rental markets. World Bank Economic Review Hope Michelson, K. Krah, A. Maertens, W. Mhango, and V. Nourani 2024 LW N/A (WP) Working Paper
Paying for agricultural information in Malawi: The role of soil heterogeneity Journal of Development Economics Hope Michelson, Julia Berazneva, Annemie Maertens, Wezi Mhango 2023 LW N/A (PR) Peer Reviewed
Impact of changes in Title II of the 2018 Farm Bill on the acreage and environmental benefits of Conservation Reserve Program Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy Cornish, B., Miao, R., & Khanna, M.
2022 LW (IE) Impact Evaluation, (PD) Policy Design (PR) Peer Reviewed
The effect of farm size and farmland use on agricultural diversification: a spatial analysis of Brazilian municipalities Anais Mary Arends-Kuenning, JL Parre, ALS Chagas 2022 FA, LW N/A (WP) Working Paper
Private contributions for public information: soil testing in Malawi SSRN Berazneva, J., Maertens, A., Mhango, W., & Michelson, H. 2022 LW, SC (FE) Field Experiment (WP) Working Paper
Does unconventional energy extraction generate more wastewater? A lifetime perspective Ecological Economics Xu, M., Xu, Y., Khanna, M. 2022 LW, EE (IE) Impact Evaluation (PR) Peer Reviewed
How do farmers learn from extension services? Evidence from Malawi American Journal of Agricultural Economics Maertens, A., Michelson, H., & Nourani, V. 2021 FA, LW, SC (IE) Impact Evaluation, (PD) Policy Design
Farmers' heterogeneous perceptions of marginal land for biofuel crops in US Midwestern states considering biophysical and socioeconomic factors GCB Bioenergy Yang, P., Cai, X., & Khanna, M. 2021 LW (OM) Other
Conservation tillage mitigates drought induced soybean yield losses in the US Corn Belt Q Open Chen, B., Gramig, B.M., & Yun, S.D. 2021 FA, LW (IE) Impact Evaluation
Gender, education, and farm succession in Western Paraná State Land Use Policy Arends-Kuenning, M., Kamei, A., Garcias, M., Romani, G. & Shikida, P. 2021 LW (OM) Other (WP) Working Paper
Households’ preferences for hydrological services in Veracruz, Mexico: The importance of outcomes vs. program design Journal of Environmental Management McGinnis, I., Atallah, S.S., & Huang, J. 2021 LW (PD) Policy Design (PR) Peer Reviewed
Assessing marginal land availability based on land use change information in the contiguous United States Environmental Science & Technology Jiang, C., Guan, K., Khanna, M., Chen, L., & Peng, J. 2021 LW (OM) Other (PR) Peer Reviewed
Quantifying tradeoffs between electricity generation and fish populations via population habitat duration curves Ecological Modelling Logan, L. H., Gupta, R. S., Ando, A. Cory Suski, C., & Stillwell, A. S. 2021 LW (VA) Valuation
Water quality effects of economically viable land use change in the Mississippi River Basin under the renewable fuel standard Environmental Science & Technology Ferin, K.M., Chen, L., Zhong, J., Acquah, S., Heaton, E.A., Khanna, M., & VanLoocke, A. (2020). 2020 LW (SM) System Modeling
Willingness-to-volunteer and stability of preferences between cities: Estimating the benefits of stormwater management Journal of Environmental Economics and Management Cadavid, C.L., Ando, A.W., Netusil, N., & Parthum, B.
2020 LW, SC (VA) Valuation
Worshipping the tiger: Modeling non-use existence values of wildlife spiritual services Environmental and Resource Economics Lopes, A. A., & Atallah, S. S. 2020 LW, O (SM) System Modeling
Diversifying to reduce conservation outcome uncertainty in multiple environmental objectives Agricultural and Resource Economics Review Ando, A.W., Howlader, A. & Mallory, M. 2020 LW (PD) Policy Design
Ecology and economics for pandemic prevention Science Dobson, A. P., Pimm, S. L., Hannah, L., Kaufman, L., Ahumada, J. A., Ando, A. W., Bernstein, A., Busch, J., Daszak, P., Engelmann, J., Kinnaird, M. F., Li, B. V., Loch-Temzelides, T., Lovejoy, T., Nowak, K., Roehrdanz, P. R., & Vale, M. M. 2020 LW (OM) Other
Market structure and the effect of ethanol expansion on Land allocation: A spatially explicit analysis American Journal of Agricultural Economics Wang, Y., Delgado, M. S., Sesmero, J. P., Gramig, B. M.
2020 FA, LW (IE) Impact Evaluation, (SM) System Modeling
Overlooked benefits of nutrient reductions in the Mississippi River Basin Land Economics Parthum, B., & Ando, A.W. 2020 FA, LW (VA) Valuation
Agricultural impacts of climate change in Indiana and potential adaptations Climatic Change Bowling, L.C., Cherkauer, K., Lee, C., Beckerman, J., Brouder, S., Buzan, J., Doering, O., Dukes, J., Ebner, P., Frankenberger, J., Gramig, B.M., Kladivko, E., Volenec, J. 2020 FA, LW (SM) System Modeling
Consequences of protected areas for forest extraction and human well-being: Evidence from Nepal Environmental and Resource Economics Howlader, A., & Ando, A. W. 2020 LW, SC (IE) Impact Evaluation
The effect of projected climate change on the economics of conservation tillage Agronomy Journal Hodde, W., Sesmero, J., Gramig, B., Vyn, T., & Doering, O
2019 FA, LW N/A
Are non-market values important to smallholders’ afforestation decisions? A psychometric segmentation and its implications for afforestation programs Forest Policy and Economics Baker, K., Baylis, K., Bull, G., & Barichello, R.
2019 LW, O (VA) Valuation
Perdas na colheita de soja na região oeste do Paraná Revista Tecnologia e Sociedade Esser Romani, G., Arends-Kuenning, M., Assis Shikida, P.F, & de Oliveira Garcias, M. 2019 FA, LW (OM) Other
Conservation agriculture and climate resilience Journal of Environmental Economics and Management Michler, J., Baylis, K., Arends-Kuenning, M., & Mazvimavi, K. 2019 FA, LW (IE) Impact Evaluation
Adoption of agricultural conservation practices in the United States: Evidence from 35 Years of quantitative literature Journal of Soil and Water Conservation Prokopy, LS, K Floress, JG Arbuckle, SP Church, F Eanes, Y Gao*, BM Gramig, P Ranjan, AS Singh 2019 FA, LW (OM) Other
Effect of corn ethanol production on conservation reserve program acres in the US Applied Energy Chen, X., & Khanna, M.
2018 LW, EE (SM) System Modeling
The economics of species conservation Annual Review of Resource Economics Ando, A.W. & Langpap, C. 2018 LW (OM) Other
When portfolio theory can help environmental investment planning to reduce climate risk to future environmental outcomes – and when it cannot Conservation Letters Ando, A.W., Fraterrigo, J., Guntenspergen, G., Howlader, A., Mallory, M., Olkers, J., & Stickley, S. 2018 LW (PD) Policy Design
Valuing the benefits of green stormwater infrastructure Oxford Encyclopedia of Water Resources Management and Policy Ando, A.W., & Netusil, N. 2018 LW, SC (VA) Valuation
A return to the crossroads: Farming, nutrient loss and conservation U. of Arkansas-Little Rock Law Review Coppess, J. W. 2017 LW (OM) Other
Fine-resolution conservation planning with limited climate-change information Conservation Biology Shah, P.S., Mallory, M.L., Ando, A.W. & Guntenspergen, G. 2017 LW (PD) Policy Design
Integrated economic and environmental assessment of cellulosic biofuel production in an agricultural watershed BioEnergy Research Song, J., Gramig, B. M., Cibin, R., & Chaubey, I.
2017 FA, LW (SM) System Modeling
Bioenergy economics and policy in US and Brazil: Effects on land use and greenhouse gas emissions Handbook of Bioenergy Economics and Policy (Volume II) Khanna, M., & Zilberman, D.
2017 LW, EE (OM) Other
The economic value of grassland species for carbon storage Science Advances Hungate, B.A., Barbier, E.B., Ando, A.W., Marks, S.P., Reich, P.B., van Gestel, N., Tilman, G.D., Knops, J., Hooper, D.U., Butterfield, B. & Cardinale, B.J. 2017 LW (VA) Valuation
Assessing pollinator habitat services to optimize conservation programs The Council on Food, Agricultural and Resource Economics Iovanna, R., Ando, A. W., Swinton, S., Kagan, J., Hellerstein, D., Mushet, D., & Otto, C. 2017 LW (VA) Valuation
Towards a theoretical construct for modelling smallholders’ forestland-use decisions: What can we learn from agriculture and forest economics? Forests  Baker, K., Bull, G. Q., Baylis, K., & Barichello, R.
2017 LW (SM) System Modeling
Spatially explicit return on investment to private forest conservation for water purification in Indiana, USA Ecosystem Services Wang, Y., Atallah, S. S., & Shao, G.
2017 LW (SM) System Modeling
The effectiveness of payments for environmental services World Development Börner, J., Baylis, K., Corbera, E., Ezzine-de-Blas, D., Honey-Rosés, J., Persson, U. M., & Wunder, S. 
2017 LW (OM) Other
Permanent and temporary policy incentives for conservation under stochastic returns from competing land uses American Journal of Agricultural Economics Shah, P.S. & Ando, A. W. 2016 LW (PD) Policy Design
The economics of conservation and finance: A review of the literature International Review of Environmental and Resource Economics Ando, A. W. & Shah, P. S. 2016 LW (OM) Other
Spatially-correlated risk in nature reserve site selection PlosONE Albers, H.J., Busby, G., Hamaide, B., Ando, A. W. & Polasky, S. 2016 LW (PD) Policy Design
Goldilocks and the raster grid: Choosing a unit of analysis for evaluating conservation programs PlosOne Avelino, A. F. T., Baylis, K., & Honey-Rosés, J.
2016 LW, O (IE) Impact Evaluation
Emerging evidence of tropical forest conservation effectiveness PlosOne Börner, J., Baylis, K., Corbera, E., Ezzine-de-Blas, D., Ferraro, P. J., Honey-Rosés, J., ... & Wunder, S.
2016 LW (OM) Other
How effective are biodiversity conservation payments in Mexico? PlosOne Costedoat, S., Corbera, E., Ezzine de Blas, D., Honey-Roses, J., Baylis, K., & Castillo-Santiago, M. A.
2015 LW (IE) Impact Evaluation
Mainstreaming impact evaluation in nature conservation Conservation Letters Baylis, K.,  Honey-Rosés, J., Börner, J., Corbera, E., Ferraro, P., Pfaff, A., Davies, P., Ezzine de Blas, D. Lapeyre, R., Pagiola, S., Persson, M., & Wunder S.
2015 LW (OM) Other
Impacts of management practices on bioenergy feedstock yield and economic feasibility on Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) Grasslands GCB Bioenergy Anderson, E.K., Aberle, E., Chen, C., Egenolf, J., Harmonmey, K., Kakani, G., Kallenbach, R.L., Khanna, M., Wang, W., & Lee, D.K.
2015 LW, EE (IE) Impact Evaluation
Agro-Climatic Data by County (ACDC), 1981-2015 Purdue University Research Repository Yun, S.D., & Gramig, B.M. 2015 FA, LW (OM) Other
A conservation planning approach to mitigating the impacts of leakage from protected area networks Conservation Biology Bode, M., Tulloch, A., Mills, M., Venter, O., & Ando, A. 2015 LW (PD) Policy Design
Simple-but-sound methods for estimating the value of changes in biodiversity for biological pest control in agriculture Ecological Economics Letourneau, D., Ando, A.W., Narwani, A., Jedlicka, J., & Barbier, E. 2015 LW (PD) Policy Design
Evaluating heterogeneous conservation effects of forest protection in Indonesia PlosOne Shah, P., & Baylis, K.
2015 LW (IE) Impact Evaluation
Downside vs. symmetric measures of uncertainty in natural resource portfolio design to manage climate-change uncertainty Land Economics Shah, P.S. & Ando, A. W. 2015 LW (PD) Policy Design